HowTo: Wakeup your Synology NAS from Standby/Power Save Mode

timeout, linux, ubuntu, backup, scp, sftp, System Hibernation, backup

Scheduled Backups from Remote Locations#

As poweruser, you may have different servers out there which send their backups to a centralized backup location – in this example, a Synology NAS. The file transfers can be done by ftp, sftp, scp, nfs or another supported protocol.

In case you want to safe energy costs, it possible to enable the power safe mode which turns the system (as well as the HDDs) in standby mode. It can be waked-up by accessing the web-interface or some other file services, but this will take around 30-60s! In most cases, this behaviour will cause a timeout or connection refused error in your backup scripts. To prevent this, you can wake up your NAS before running the backup tasks. The following script tries to access the Web-Interface (DSM) on port 80 for a several times and returns 0 as exit code in case a valid response is returned by the remote server.

Wake-Up Script#

#!/bin/bash

# Synology NAS Wake-up
# ------------------------------------

# hostname/ip set ?
if [ -z "$1" ]; then
    echo "Usage: synology_wakeup.sh <hostname>"
    exit 1
fi

# get the server response. 5 connection tries with 10s delay -> 200s wait
serverResponse=$(wget --quiet --max-redirect=0 --retry-connrefused --timeout=20 --wait=10 --tries 5 --server-response -O /dev/null $1 2>&1)

# http detection pattern (response will be empty on con_refused)
detectionPattern="HTTP/1.1 (200|30[0-8])"

# server online ?
if [[ $serverResponse =~ $detectionPattern ]] ; then
    exit 0
else
    exit 1
fi

Usage#

Just run the script by passing the ip addess/hostname to it. On error (non responding nas) the script will return the exit code 1.

#!/bin/bash

# your backup/pre backup script

# wakeup your NAS by its IP/Hostname
./synology_wakeup.sh 192.168.0.100

# successfull ?
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
   echo "ERROR - Synology NAS seems to be offline!"
   exit 1
fi

 

 

 

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esptool.py, nodemcu, ubuntu, debian

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Firmware Update of IBM ServeRaid BR10i with Ubuntu

system x, x3550 m3, LSI SAS 1068E, ibm 7944

I have just got a used IBM x3550 M3 server as development machine and ran into some trouble when trying to add some SSDs: the throughput was pretty slow (~100MB/s). Generally the BR10i controller supports 3G SATA2 and therefore i expected a throughput of ~250MB. I’ve figured out, that this behaviour is caused by the firmware […]

Redmine 3.2 – Redirect Users to my/page after Login

private issue tracking, user dashboard

Do you want to redirect users to their custom page/issue dashboard after login ? This is especially useful in case your redmine installation is set to private (login required).

Change the home Route#

Edit config/routes.rb

# comment out this line
#  root :to => 'welcome#index', :as => 'home'

# add the following line (keep the identation!)
  root :to => 'my#page', :as => 'home'

Ready! Just restart your Redmine service to apply the changes

 

Render Markdown/GFM Documents online using the GitHub v3 API

simple code snipped to convert markdown to html, public github api

Sometimes, you need to render parts of your Markdown documents – e.g. README.md or CHANGES.md – as html to embed it into your application, documentation or project website. There are a several markdown or especially GFM (GitHub Flavored Markdown) libraries are out there, but they require an additional setup and have to be maintained.

The simple Way#

Thanks to GitHub, there is a public API available which allows you to render your documents by the GitHub webservices.

PHP Client#

/**
 * Render Markdown content using the GitHub v3 Markdown API
 * @see https://developer.github.com/v3/markdown/
 * @source https://andidittrich.de/2016/05/render-markdown-gfm-documents-online-using-the-github-v3-api
 * @license: MIT
 * @return string(html)
 */
function renderGFM($text, $repositoryContext = null){

    // create the payload
    // @see https://developer.github.com/v3/markdown/
    $postdata = json_encode(
        array(
            'text' => $text,
            'mode' => ($repositoryContext != null ? 'gfm' : 'markdown'),
            'context' => $repositoryContext
        )
    );

    // prepare the HTTP 1.1 POST Request
    $opts = array('http' =>
        array(
            'method'  => 'POST',
            'protocol_version' => '1.1',
            'user_agent' => $repositoryContext,
            'header'  => array(
                'Content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded;charset=UTF-8',
                'Connection: close',
                'Accept: application/vnd.github.v3+json'
            ),
            'content' => $postdata
        )
    );

    // send request
    return file_get_contents('https://api.github.com/markdown', false, stream_context_create($opts));
}

Usage#

The optional $repositoryContext argument allows your to define the context which should be used for rendering to e.g. enable issue linking

// fetch the document (example)
$document = file_get_contents('https://raw.githubusercontent.com/AndiDittrich/WordPress.Enlighter/master/CHANGES.md');

// render html using the GitHub GFM API
$html = renderGFM($document, 'AndiDittrich/WordPress.Enlighter');

// show it!
echo $html;

 

 

You may have noticed, that normal users (especially Author’s and Contributor’s) are not allowed to use all kind of HTML Tags and related Attributes.

Those elements got removed by the WordPress buil-in KSES Filter – and it’s a very useful feature in matter of security to prevent html-code-injection.

But sometimes it is required to enable some additional html tags and/or attributes. You can modify the list of allowed html tags and attributes by appling a custom filter:

The Filter#

Example how to allow EnlighterJS related attributes for pre and code tags

function ksesAllowHtmlCodeAttributes($data, $context){
    // only apply filter on post-context
    if ($context === 'post'){

        // list of all available enlighterjs attributes
        $allowedAttributes = array(
            'data-enlighter-language' => true,
            'data-enlighter-theme' => true,
            'data-enlighter-group' => true,
            'data-enlighter-title' => true,
            'data-enlighter-linenumbers' => true,
            'data-enlighter-highlight' => true,
            'data-enlighter-lineoffset' => true
        );

        // apply to pre and code tags
        $data['pre'] = array_merge($data['pre'], $allowedAttributes);
        $data['code'] = array_merge($data['code'], $allowedAttributes);
    }

    return $data;
}

// add the filter function (2 arguments and priority 100)
add_filter('wp_kses_allowed_html', 'ksesAllowHtmlCodeAttributes', 100, 2);

 

 

 

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Howto: (re-)Enable SCP/SSH Login on Synology DSM 6.0 for non admin users [UPDATE]

a update which may break your backup tasks! change the user shell permanently

When updating to the latest DSM 6.0 final, you may have noticed that your scp backup accounts won’t work anymore (this also affects ssh the login). It is caused by a reset of the login shell settings in /etc/passwd ! It is happened in part of a “security enhancement” – normal users, which does not […]

Prevent Errors from breaking Gulp watch

gulp-plumber, custom error handler, gulp-prettyerror

As an intermediate javascript developer, you may using gulp these days – a great and straightforward streaming build system with a lot of advantages compared to grunt. For example, i’ve switched from a bunch of custom, ANT based scripts to gulp for the next EnlighterJS major version and it saves a lot of time! Especially […]

Tweaking Minidlna Media Server on AsusWRT Merlin

usb storage, disable album arts, performance

You’re running AsusWRT Merlin and have some trouble with minidlna, e.g. bad media indexing performance or broken media databases ?

This can be caused by using an USB Stick as media database storage! Internally, minidlna is using an SQLite database to store the media file index – and sometime this database may broke (slow, unsynced file operations, user terminated processes).

As a workaround, it’s possible to move the media database to the temporary filesystem (ramdisk). As a disadvantage, on every system shutdown (reboot/power cycle) the database will be destroyed. But it only takes a view minutes to recreate it, because the ramdisk storage is a lot faster than the attached USB drive!

Just create an additional user config file in your JFFS /jffs/configs/minidlna.conf.add (will be automatically appended to the system generated minidlna.conf file!)

# Move the database to the tmp directory (ramdisk, will be recreated on reboot !!)
db_dir=/tmp/.minidlna

# create a custom minidlna logfile
log_dir=/var/log

# disable album art indexing
album_art_names=NO_ALBUM_ARTS.x